A Flow Measurement Orientation
  The Flow Pioneers
  Flow Sensor Selection
  Accuracy vs. Repeatability


Differential Pressure Flowmeters
  Primary Element Options
  Pitot Tubes
  Variable Area Flowmeters


Mechanical Flowmeters
  Positive Displacement   Flowmeters
  Turbine Flowmeters
  Other Rotary Flowmeters

Electronic Flowmeters
  Magnetic Flowmeters
  Vortex Flowmeters
  Ultrasonic Flowmeters


Mass Flowmeters
  Coriolis Mass Flowmeters
  Thermal Mass Flowmeters
  Hot-Wire Anemometers


A Level Measurement Orientation
  Level Sensor Selection
  Boiling & Cryogenic Fluids
  Sludge, Foam, & Molten   Metals


Pressure/Density Level Instrumentation
  Dry & Wet Leg Designs
  Bubbler Tubes
  Floats & Displacers


RF/Capacitance Level Instrumentation
  Theory of Operation
  Probe Designs
  Installation Considerations


Radiation-Based Level Instrumentation
  Radar & Microwave
  Ultrasonic Level Gages
  Nuclear Level Gages


Specialty Level Switches
  Thermal Switches
  Vibrating Switches
  Optical Switches


REFERENCE SECTIONS
  Editorial
  About OMEGA
  Information Resources
  Glossary

  Information Resources

Organizations
American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE)
  345 East 47 Street, New York NY 10017-2395 (212)705-7338 www.aiche.org
American Gas Association (AGA)
   400 N. Capitol St., NW Washington DC 20001 (202)824-7000 www.aga.org
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
  11 West 42 Street, New York NY 10036 (212)642-4900 web.ansi.org
American Petroleum Institute (API)
   1220 L Street, NW, Washington DC 20005 (202)682-8000 www.api.org
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
  345 East 47 Street, New York NY 10017 (212)705-7722 www.asme.org
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
   100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken PA 19428-2959 (610)832-9585 www.astm.org
American Water Works Association (AWWA)
  6666 West Quincy Ave., Denver CO 80235 (303)794-7711 www.awwa.org
Canadian Gas Association (CGA)
   243 Consumers Road, Suite 1200,
   North York Canada M2J 5E3 ON (416)498-1994 www.cga.ca
Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)
  3412 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto CA 94303 (415)855-2000 www.epri.com
Electronic Industries Association (EIA)
   2500 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington VA 22201-3834 (703/907-7500 www.eia.org
Factory Mutual
  1151 Boston-Providence Turnpike, Norwood MA 02062 (781)762-4300 www.factorymutual.com
Gas Research Institute
   8600 West Bryn Mawr Ave., Chicago IL 60631-3562 (773)399-8100 www.gri.org
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
  3, rue de Varembé, P.O. Box 131,
  CH - 1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland +41 22 919 02 11 www.iec.ch
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
   1, rue de Varembe, Case postale 56,
   CH-1211 Geneve 20 Switzerland +41 22 749 01 11 www.iso.ch
Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
  445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway NJ 08855-1331 (732)981-0060 www.ieee.org
Institute of Gas Technology (IGT)
   1700 South Mount Prospect Road, Des Plaines IL 60018 (847)768-0500 www.igt.org
ISA--The International Society for Measurement and Control
  67 Alexander Drive, Research Triangle Park NC 27709 (919)549-8411 www.isa.org
National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA)
   1300 North 17th Street, Suite 1847, Rosslyn VA 22209 (703)841-3200 www.nema.org
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
  1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy MA 02269-9101 (617)770-3000 www.nfpa.org
National Institute of Standards and Technology
   Gaithersburg MD 20899-0001 (301)975-3058 www.nist.gov
Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)
  400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale PA 15096-0001 (724)776-4841 www.sae.org
Underwriters Laboratories
   333 Pfingsten Road, Northbrook IL 60062 (847)272-8800 www.ul.com
Water Environment Federation (WEF)
  601 Wythe Street, Alexandria VA 22314-1994 (703)684-2452 www.wef.org

Applied Fluid Flow Measurement,
N.P. Cheremisinoff, Marcel Decker, 1979.

Automated Process Control Electronics,
John Harrington, Delmar Publishing Inc., 1989.

Differential Producers - Orifice, Nozzle, Venturi,
ANSI/ASME MFC, December 1983.

Electrical Measurements and Measuring Instruments,
E.W. Goldin, Pitman and Sons, 1948.

Electrical Measurements,
F.K. Harris, Wiley, 1952.

Flow Measurement Engineering Handbook,
R.W. Miller, McGraw Hill, 1996.

Flow Measurement for Engineers and Scientists,
N.P. Cheremisinoff, Marcel Dekker, 1988.

Flow Measurement,
Bela Liptak, CRC Press, 1993.

Flow Measurement,
D.W. Spitzer, Instrument Society of America, 1991.

Flow of Water Through Orifices,
AGA/ASME, Ohio State Univ. Bulletin 89, Vol. IV, No.3.

Flowmeters,
F. Cascetta, P. Vigo, ISA, 1990.

Fluid Meters,
H.S. Bean, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1971.

Fundamentals of Flow Measurement,
J. P. DeCarlo, Instrument Society of America, 1984.

Fundamentals of Radar Techniques for Level Gauging,
Detlef Brumbi, Krohne Metechnik GmbH & Co. KG, 1995.

Incompressible Flow,
Donald Panton, Wiley, 1996.

Industrial Applications of Radar Technology for Continuous Level Measurement,
W. L. Hendrick, Instrument Society of America, 1992.

Industrial Control Handbook,
E.A. Parr, editor, Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd., 1995.

Industrial Flow Measurement,
D. W. Spitzer, ISA 1984.

Instrument Engineer's Handbook,
Bela Liptak, Third Edition, CRC Press, 1995.

Instrumentation and Control,
C.L. Nachtigal, Wiley, 1990.

Instrumentation and Process Control,
Nicholas P. Chopey, McGraw-Hill, 1996.

Instrumentation for Engineering Measurements,
J. Dally, Wiley, 1993.

Instrumentation for Process Measurement and Control, 3rd ed.,
Norman A. Anderson, Chilton Co., 1980.

Instrumentation Reference Book, 2nd ed.,
B.E. Noltingk, editor, Butterworth-Heinemann, 1995.

Instruments of Science,
Robert Bud and Deborah Jean Warner, Garland Publishing Inc., 1998.

Measurement and Control Basics, 2nd ed.,
T.A. Hughes, ISA, 1995.

Measurement and Control of Liquid Level,
C. H. Cho, Instrument Society of America, 1982.

Modern Physics,
New York, P. Tipler, Worth Publishers, 1978.

National Electrical Safety Code,
IEEE, 1993.

Principles of Industrial Measurement for Control Applications,
E. Smith, Instrument Society of America, 1984.

Process /Industrial Instruments and Controls, 4th ed.,
Douglas M. Considine, McGraw-Hill, 1993.

Sensor and Analyzer Handbook,
H.N. Norton, Prentice-Hall, 1982.

Sensors and Control Systems in Manufacturing,
S. Soloman, McGraw-Hill, 1994.

The McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 8th ed.,
John H. Zifcak, McGraw-Hill, 1997.

Theoretical Nuclear Physics Volume I: Nuclear Structure,
New York, A. deShalit, H. Feshback, John Wiley & Sons, 1974.

Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia,
Douglas M. Considine, Van Nostrand, 1995.

Water Meters - Selection, Installation, Testing and Maintenance,
Manual M6, AWWA, 1986.

PFA, FKM and Kalrez® are registered trademarks of DuPont.

FLOW AND LEVEL PRODUCTS

For the Latest Information on Flow and Level Products:

OMEGA Engineering, Inc.
One Omega Drive
P.O. Box 4047
Stamford CT 06907-0047
Phone: 800-82-66342
(800-TC-OMEGA®)
Email: info@omega.com
Website: www.omega.com

OMEGA PRESS REFERENCES

The Temperature Handbook™ Voume MM™ 21st Century™ Edition,
OMEGA Press, 1999.

The OMEGA Complete Flow and Level Measurement Handbook and Encyclopedia®,
OMEGA Press, 1995.

The Pressure, Strain and Force Handbook™,
OMEGA Press, 1995.

Book of Books®: Scientific & Technical Books, Software & Videos,
OMEGA Press, 1998.

OMEGA Volume 29 Handbook & Encyclopedia, Purchasing Agents Edition,
OMEGA Press, 1995

21st Century™ Preview Edition,
OMEGA Press, 1997

OTHER REFERENCE BOOKS

The Temperature Handbook™ Voume MM™ 21st Century™ Edition,
OMEGA Press, 1999.

The OMEGA Complete Flow and Level Measurement Handbook and Encyclopedia®,
OMEGA Press, 1995.

The Pressure, Strain and Force Handbook™,
OMEGA Press, 1995.

Book of Books®: Scientific & Technical Books, Software & Videos,
OMEGA Press, 1998.

OMEGA Volume 29 Handbook & Encyclopedia, Purchasing Agents Edition,
OMEGA Press, 1995

21st Century™ Preview Edition,
OMEGA Press, 1997